2016年度第3回英検1級解答例・講評


1
(1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 4 (4) 4 (5) 3 (6) 3 (7) 1 (8) 1 (9) 4 (10) 3
(11) 2 (12) 1 (13) 2 (14) 4 (15) 3 (16) 2 (17) 1 (18) 3 (19) 3 (20) 2
(21) 4 (22) 2 (23) 1 (24) 3 (25) 1

2
(26) 3 (27) 4 (28) 2 (29) 1 (30) 3 (31) 2

3
(32) 3 (33) 4 (34) 3 (35) 2 (36) 4 (37) 1 (38) 4 (39) 1 (40) 2 (41) 1

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I think that the death penalty shouldn’t be banned in Japan for the following three reasons.

First, most of the criminals who commit serious crimes know that they may be executed when committing serious crimes. Therefore, if they aren’t mentally ill, they should be subject to capital punishment in accordance with relevant laws.

Second, capital punishment serves as deterrent. For example, in India, serious crimes have decreased dramatically after the government introduced severe punishment. Although the severe punishment in this case wasn’t capital punishment, this example clearly shows that severe punishment can decrease serious crimes.

Third, while criminals are in prisons, our taxes are used for them. The government has to continue to take care of the criminals serving life imprisonment until they die. Capital punishment is far less expensive than life imprisonment. Japanese government doesn’t have enough tax revenues. Accordingly, the government should use the tax revenues effectively. In my opinion, the government should focus tax revenues more on education and social welfare.

In conclusion, Japanese government should retain capital punishment system in order to eliminate the most evil people, to deter serious crimes and to use tax revenues in an effective way. The capital punishment system is vital for us to lead a happy and stable life. (209語)

リスニング
Part 1
No.1 1 No.2 3 No.3 2 No.4 1 No.5 1
No.6 3 No.7 4 No.8 1 No.9 2 No.10 4

Part 2
No.11 1 No.12 4 No.13 3 No.14 2 No.15 3
No.16 2 No.17 1 No.18 4 No.19 1 No.20 3

Part 3
No.21 2 No.22 2 No.23 2 No.24 4 No.25 4

Part 4
No.26 4 No.27 3

【講評】(難易度は通常の英検1級対比)
毎度のことだが1の語彙問題が他の問題に比べて難しいので、語彙問題以外で点を稼ぐのが良い。
1
標準レベルの語彙問題。
(6) はやや難。demure は「控えめな」の意。
(15) はやや難。brash は「生意気な」の意。
(17) はやや難。mayhem は「傷害行為」の意。
(21) はやや難。treacherous は「不安定な」の意。
(24) はやや難。put upon は「つけこむ、利用する」の意。

2
標準レベルの長文の空所補充。

3
標準レベルの長文の内容一致。

4
ライティング。理由を3つ書く必要があるので、信念に関わらず、理由が3つ思いつく方の立場に立つのが大事。今回の問題は死刑制度の賛否なので強い意見を持っている人もいると思うが、理由が2つ以下しか浮かばなければ意見を変えた方がよい。

リスニング
標準レベル


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