2013年度東京大学(後期)総合科目Ⅰ解答例・講評


【解答例】
第1問
(1)
クラシック音楽界は、オーディションの際に純粋に演奏の音を聞いて判断していると信じていたが、実際は、純粋に音のみで判断しているわけではないことに気が付いた。実は、演奏者の見た目や立ち居振る舞いのような視覚的な情報が演奏に対する評価に影響していたのだ。(124字)

(2)
Orchestra musicians began to demand fair auditions a few decades ago. Before this movement, the results of the auditions were highly influenced by conductors and these judgements were often unfair. To prevent conductors from judging arbitrarily, an official audition committee was organized. Many precautions were taken in order to prevent judges from identifying the contestants and audition judgements began to be made solely by the sound the contestants performed. The author refers these drastic changes as a revolution. As a result of this revolution, more women began to enter the orchestra world.(92語)

(3)
The implications of the given text could also be applied to the art world. For example, when I saw the paintings of Pablo Picasso for the first time, I felt that the paintings were strange. Still, I believed that the paintings were great because they were painted by Picasso not by a mundane artist. When we see artworks, our judgements are often influenced by the name of the artist and the name of the title. I think it is almost impossible to judge the artworks fully objectively. (87語)

第2問
(1)
しかしながら、実は、和製英語はすべて誤りというわけではない。和製英語の目的を考慮すれば、すべて正しいのだ。その理由は、和製英語が英語の変種ではなく日本語の変種であり、標準的な日本語では表現できない考えを表現することが意図されているからだ。

(2)
In Japan we can see strange English everywhere. The purpose of this English is not to communicate what is written but to show the owners of the objects on which the English is written are cosmopolitans. This kind of English is called “wasei eigo.” It is an accessory rather than a tool of a direct communication. Considering the purpose of it, it is a kind of Japanese but it can express something that standard Japanese can’t express. It has a unique ability that standard languages don’t have. (87語)

(3)
If I see native speakers of English wearing T-shirts on which Japanese is written, I feel happy because I think they are interested in Japan. Sometimes such a situation may seem strange. For example, a lady may wear a T-shirt on which the word “samurai” is written. In this case, I will recognize that this lady probably don’t understand Japanese. But this is not a problem at all. The T-shirts with Japanese words serve as a kind of bond between English-speaking people and Japanese people. (85語)

【講評】(難易度は平年の東大対比)
第1問は標準的な長文読解問題。長文の内容も把握しやすく、設問も取り組みやすい。ただある程度まとまった分量を書く必要があるので、それに慣れていないと手こずるかもしれない。

第2問も標準的な長文読解問題。設問も取り組みやすい。

2問とも長文そのものはそれほど難しくはないので、日本語、英語両方でまとまった分量を書く練習をしておこう。普段の勉強で同様の問題の練習をしても採点は難しいと思うので、よい先生を見付けて添削してもらおう。名古屋英語特訓道場の家庭教師は、東大後期の問題も添削します!

カテゴリー: 大学受験英語コラム パーマリンク