2015年度第1回英検1級解答例・講評


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(1) 3 (2) 4 (3) 2 (4) 4 (5) 2 (6) 2 (7) 3 (8) 3 (9) 1 (10) 2
(11) 4 (12) 1 (13) 3 (14) 2 (15) 3 (16) 4 (17) 3 (18) 2 (19) 4 (20) 1
(21) 2 (22) 1 (23) 4 (24) 1 (25) 1

2
(26) 4 (27) 1 (28) 4 (29) 3 (30) 1 (31) 4

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(32) 4 (33) 2 (34) 3 (35) 2 (36) 1 (37) 4 (38) 1 (39) 4 (40) 3 (41) 3

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There are pros and cons about human cloning. However, I think cloning itself is beneficial and that cloning research should be promoted for the following three reasons.

First, we can produce crops through cloning technology. World population has been increasing and therefore we will need more food in the future. However, the crop production may decrease in the future due to the climate change. In this case, crops produced through cloning technology will help alleviate the food crisis.

Second, we can create human organs through cloning technology. If we reproduce healthy organs from the patients who have organ diseases, we can save the patients’ lives. I would like to stress that we should reproduce only organs. If we clone a whole human, an ethical problem will arise.

Third, endangered species can be saved through cloning technology. Today, many animals are disappearing on the earth due to climate change and hunting by human beings. Maintaining animal diversity through clone technology is crucial for the ecosystem.

In conclusion, cloning has many advantages which will improve our lives. However, there may be ethical problems concerning human cloning. Therefore, we have to take advantage of cloning technology ethically.

リスニング
Part 1
No.1 2 No.2 4 No.3 2 No.4 1 No.5 2
No.6 4 No.7 3 No.8 1 No.9 2 No.10 1

Part 2
No.11 4 No.12 3 No.13 2 No.14 3 No.15 4
No.16 1 No.17 4 No.18 3 No.19 4 No.20 3

Part 3
No.21 2 No.22 1 No.23 3 No.24 2 No.25 1

Part 4
No.26 4 No.27 3

【講評】(難易度は通常の英検1級対比)
毎度のことだが1の語彙問題が他の問題に比べて難しいので、語彙問題以外で点を稼ぐのが良い。
1
標準レベルの語彙問題。
(9) はやや難。woo は「支持をせがむ」の意。
(10) はやや難。stint は「中止、休止」の意。
(11) はやや難。huddle は「密集する」の意。
(17) はやや難。awry は「曲がって、逸れて」の意。
(23) はやや難。goof off は「怠ける、さぼる」の意。
(24) はやや難。limber up は「柔軟体操をする」の意。

2
標準レベルの長文の空所補充。

3
標準レベルの長文の内容一致。

4
ライティング。理由を3つ書く必要があるので、信念に関わらず、理由が3つ思いつく方の立場に立つのが大事。

リスニング
標準レベル

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